Description of obverse and reverse
Obverse: veiled bust of Augustus: detail from the marble statue of the emperor found in via Labicana, Rome and conserved at the Museo Nazionale Romano - Palazzo Massimo alle Terme in Rome; on the left "m", initial of the designer Roberto Mauri; around, the inscription "REPUBBLICA ITALIANA" within a linear circle. Reverse: detail from the friezes adorning the base of the Ara Pacis Augustae in Rome; above, from left to right, the arch shaped inscription "BIMILLENARIO AUGUSTEO"; in the upper field, on two lines, the dates "14 – 2014", i.e. the year of Augustus’ death and that of the coin’s issue respectively, as well as the denomination "10 EURO"; below, the letter "R"; around, a linear circle.
A brief annotation
Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus was honoured with the title of Augustus in 27 B.C. He has been the first and greatest emperor of Rome that achieved its largest territorial extent under his guidance. His long reign was distinguished by the Pax Augustea (Augustus’ peace), a peaceful and prosperous period that encouraged the flourishing of arts and culture. A capable strategist, state organiser, legislator and a conqueror, Augustus was also a fine and elegant writer who left a deep mark in Roman history and culture.