Obverse: Meir Eshel. Reverse: Ruben Nutels
Description of obverse and reverse
Obverse: Israel State Emblem, "Israel" in English, Hebrew and Arabic, a roaring lion taken from an ancient 8th century BCE seal found in Megiddo (Armageddon), that belonged to Shema, servant of King Jeroboam II.
Reverse: The Knesset Menorah with the Knesset Building in the background, "Jerusalem" in English, Hebrew and Arabic, Face Value, Mint Year.The Knesset Menorah on the coin was created by the British Jewish sculptor of German origin, Benno Elkan, and donated to the Knesset (the Israeli Parliament), by the British Parliament, in 1956. Cast in bronze, the 4.30m high Menorah stands today in the Rose Garden facing the Knesset Building in Jerusalem. Its sculpted decorations depict the turbulent history of Israel, the struggles of the people from exile to rebirth.
A brief annotation
The Menorah is first mentioned in Exodus, Chap. 25. G-d instructed Moses how to build the Menorah in pure gold. Bezalel the architect constructed it. This same Menorah accompanied the Children of Israel through the wilderness and was later moved to the Holy Temple in Jerusalem.The Prophet Zechariah sees a Menorah in his prophetic visions (Zechariah 4:2-3). Here, the significance of the Menorah is explained by the words "Not by might, nor by power, but by My Spirit", meaning that spiritual force will prevail over physical power. These words are sculpted on the Knesset Menorah Monument.