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Establishment of Judicial Regulation of November 20, 1864
Учреждение Судебных Установлений от 20 ноября 1864 года
Presented by
Moscow Mint of Goznak (Russia)
Nominal value
1000 rubles
156,40 g
50,00 mm
Gold 999°
250 pcs.
Production quality
The artist – A.A. Brynza The sculptor – E.A. Tolzin
Moscow Mint of Goznak (Russia)
Description of obverse and reverse
The obverse: in the centre – the emblem of the Bank of Russia [the two-headed eagle with wings down, under it – the semicircular inscription “БАНК РОССИИ” (BANK OF RUSSIA)] framed by a circle of dots and inscriptions along the rim – on top: “ОДНА ТЫСЯЧА РУБЛЕЙ” (ONE THOUSAND RUBLES), below: to the left – indications of the precious metal and its fineness, in the centre – the year of issue “2014 г.” (2014), to the right – the fine metal content and the mint trade mark. The reverse: on the mirror field of the disc – images of title pages of Judicial Charts, a file “Dossier of the Bailiff”, the Chart of the Civil Legal Procedure and a scroll with Alexander’s II saying “Let the truth and mercy reign in courts of law" with his monogram, above – depictions of a badge "The Barrister”, the small coat of arms of the Russian Empire and the badge "The Justice of the Peace", to the right and to the left – figures of participants of a court session – an judge, an accuser, a counsel for the defense and a prisoner at the bar with an escort, above along the rim – the inscription: “150 ЛЕТ ЭПОХЕ ВЕЛИКИХ РЕФОРМ” (150 YEARS OF EPOCH OF GREAT REFORMS).
A brief annotation
The reforms during the reign of Alexander II significantly changed the system of government of the empire, stimulated economic development of the country, influenced the evolution of its social structure. The Judicial reform of 1864 for the first time in Russia introduced a vowel, classless and independent from the administration court, based on the principle of adversarial. There was established the institution of investigators, advocacy, jurors who determined the guilt or innocence of the defendant. Prominent role in the preparation of this reform a famous lawyer the State Secretary of the State Council S.I. Zarudny has played, under his leadership in 1862 the basic principles of the new judicial system and legal proceedings were worked out. It is considered that the judicial reform began in November 20, 1864, when Alexander II signed a government decree to the senate approving four pieces of legislation: The establishment of court of justice; Charter of criminal proceedings; Charter of Civil Procedure; Charter of the penalties imposed by magistrates. Subsequently, these acts were called judicial statutes.
New issue
№ 1(62) 2023
№ 1(62) 2023
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